International horse racing for trot, canter racetracks. Upset in Years of Belmont Stakes History Images Google, Types Of Horses Derby Horse Race, Horse Racing, Thoroughbred Horse, Racehorse. Horse racing is an equestrian sport that has a long history. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing occurred in ancient Greece, Babylon, Syria, and. Importance of jockeys, trainers, weights, equipment changes • Forms to use for your horse racing notes Horse Racing: Gamble & Win is a proven and profitable. Jun 13, - This Pin was discovered by Alsosusieq2. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest. A Guide to Equestrianism: An Overview, Types of Horse Racing, Classical Dressage, English Riding, Etc von Stella Dawkins - Englische Bücher zum Genre.
Types Of Horse Racing Related Articles VideoDifferent Types of Horse Racing Bets to Consider
A special kind of allowance race is known as a "starter allowance," or abbreviated to "starter. Stakes races are where the top racehorses compete.
They carry the most prestige and have the biggest purses, although the purses can vary a great deal between smaller tracks and major ones.
Small local stakes races might offer just a few thousand dollars, while purses in the Kentucky Derby and the Breeders' Cup Classic range into the millions.
You'll find the best local horses at local stakes, while graded stakes will showcase the top horses from local barns as well as from around the country or even abroad.
Local stakes races often come with restrictions, such as that the horses must be bred in the state.
These are called restricted stakes. Some of these races offer significant purses, giving owners and trainers an incentive to breed and race locally.
Restricted stakes aren't eligible for grading. Graded stakes races are the top level. These races can have no restrictions other than age or gender of the horses.
There are three grades assigned by the Graded Stakes Committee : Grades 1, 2, or 3 with Grade 1 being the highest caliber.
A one mile race for 3-y-o colts. A one mile race for 3-y-o fillies. Oaks — Run at Epsom racecourse in June. A one mile four furlong race for 3-y-o fillies.
Derby — Run at Epsom racecourse in June. A one mile four furlong race for 3-y-o colts and fillies. St Leger — Run at Doncaster racecourse in September.
A one mile six furlongs race for 3-y-o colts and fillies. All the Classics are classified as Group 1 races and top-class horses are campaigned towards them throughout their two-year-old and early three-year-old careers, when in the spring a number of them appear in Classic trial races.
Group races are the most well-known and the best races, divided into three categories — Group 1, 2 and 3. Many of them are restricted to certain age groups from two-year-olds to four-year-olds and older or to a specific gender eg fillies only and they are spread throughout the racing year to form a programme of races over different distances and at a range of racecourses.
The highest level is a Group 1 race; these are the highlight events on the racing calendar. Group 1 races are a test of class and all the horses run off level weights but allowances are given for three-year-old horses against older horses and for fillies and mares against colts and geldings.
Pedigrees of stallions are recorded in various books and websites, such as Weatherbys Stallion Book , the Australian Stud Book and Thoroughbred Heritage.
There are three founding sires that all Thoroughbreds can trace back to in the male line: the Darley Arabian , the Godolphin Arabian , and the Byerley Turk , named after their respective owners Thomas Darley , Lord Godolphin, and Captain Robert Byerly.
They were taken to England, where they were mated with mares from English and imported bloodlines. Thoroughbreds range in height, which is measured in hands a hand being four inches.
Some are as small as 15 hands while others are over Thoroughbreds can travel medium distances at fast paces, requiring a balance between speed and endurance.
Artificial insemination, cloning and embryo transfer are not allowed in the Thoroughbred breed. The standardbred is a breed of horse used for a variety of purposes, but they are largely bred for harness racing.
They are descended from thoroughbreds, morgans, and extinct breeds. Standardbreds are typically docile and easy to handle. They do not spook easily and are quite versatile in what they can do.
They can be jumpers, dressage, and pleasure riding horses. The Arabian horse was developed by the Bedouin people of the Middle East specifically for stamina over long distances, so they could outrun their enemies.
It was not until that the Arabian was introduced into the United States. Until the formation of the Arabian Horse Registry of America in , Arabians were recorded with the Jockey Club in a separate subsection from Thoroughbreds.
Arabians must be able to withstand traveling long distances at a moderate pace. They have an abundance of type I muscle fibers , enabling their muscles to work for extended periods of time.
Also, the muscles of the Arabian are not nearly as massive as those of the Quarter Horse, which allow it to travel longer distances at quicker speeds.
The Arabian is primarily used today in endurance racing but is also raced over traditional race tracks in many countries. Arabian Horse Racing is governed by the International Federation of Arabian Horse Racing.
The ancestors of the Quarter Horse were prevalent in America in the early 17th century. These horses were a blend of Colonial Spanish horses crossed with English horses that were brought over in the s.
The native horse and the English horse were bred together, resulting in a compact, muscular horse. At this time, they were mainly used for chores such as plowing and cattle work.
The American Quarter Horse was not recognized as an official breed until the formation of the American Quarter Horse Association in In order to be successful in racing, Quarter Horses need to be able to propel themselves forward at extremely fast sprinter speed.
The Quarter Horse has much larger hind limb muscles than the Arabian, which make it less suitable for endurance racing. When Quarter Horse racing began, it was very expensive to lay a full mile of track so it was agreed that a straight track of four hundred meters, or one-quarter of a mile, would be laid instead.
There is less jockeying for position, as turns are rare, and many races end with several contestants grouped together at the wire. The track surface is similar to that of Thoroughbred racing and usually consists of dirt.
Muscles are bundles of contractile fibers that are attached to bones by tendons. These bundles have different types of fibers within them, and horses have adapted over the years to produce different amounts of these fibers.
Type I muscle fibers are adapted for aerobic exercise and rely on the presence of oxygen. They are slow-twitch fibers. They allow muscles to work for longer periods of time resulting in greater endurance.
Type II muscles are adapted for anaerobic exercise because they can function in the absence of oxygen.
Type II-a fibers are intermediate, representing a balance between the fast-twitch fibers and the slow-twitch fibers.
They allow the muscles to generate both speed and endurance. Thoroughbreds possess more Type II-a muscle fibers than Quarter Horses or Arabians.
This type of fiber allows them to propel themselves forward at great speeds and maintain it for an extended distance. Type II-b fibers are fast-twitch fibers.
These fibers allow muscles to contract quickly, resulting in a great deal of power and speed. The conditioning program for the horses varies depending on the race length.
Genetics, training, age, and skeletal soundness are all factors that contribute to a horse's performance.
A horse's fitness plan must be coordinated properly in order to prevent injury or lameness. If these are to occur, they may negatively affect a horse's willingness to learn.
Because the skeletal system does not reach full maturity until the horse is at least four years of age, young racehorses often suffer injuries.
In the United States, Thoroughbred flat races are run on surfaces of either dirt, synthetic or turf. Other tracks offer Quarter Horse racing and Standardbred racing, on combinations of these three types of racing surfaces.
Racing of other breeds, such as Arabian horse racing, is found on a limited basis. American Thoroughbred races are run at a wide variety of distances, most commonly from 5 to 12 furlongs 0.
Horse racing in the United States and on the North American continent dates back to , which saw the establishment of the Newmarket course in Salisbury, New York, a section of what is now known as the Hempstead Plains of Long Island , New York.
The area is now occupied by the present Nassau County, New York , a region of Greater Westbury and East Garden City.
The South Westbury section is still known as Salisbury. The first record of quarter-mile length races dated back to in Henrico County , Virginia.
Each race consisted of only two horses, and they raced down the village streets and lanes. The Quarter Horse received its name from the length of the race.
The American Stud Book was started in , prompting the beginning of organized horse racing in the United States. There were tracks operating in the United States by ; and in , the American Jockey Club was formed.
Belmont Park is located at the western edge of the Hempstead Plains. Its mile-and-a-half main track is the largest dirt Thoroughbred racecourse in the world, and it has the sport's largest grandstand.
One of the latest major horse track opened in the United States was the Meadowlands Racetrack , opened in for Thoroughbred racing.
It is the home of the Meadowlands Cup. Other more recently opened tracks include Remington Park , Oklahoma City , opened in , and Lone Star Park in the Dallas—Fort Worth Metroplex , opened in ; the latter track hosted the prestigious Breeders' Cup series of races in Thoroughbred horse racing in the United States has its own Hall of Fame in Saratoga Springs, New York.
The Hall of Fame honors remarkable horses, jockeys , owners, and trainers. The traditional high point of US horse racing is the Kentucky Derby , held on the first Saturday of May at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky.
Together, the Derby; the Preakness Stakes , held two weeks later at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore , Maryland ; and the Belmont Stakes , held three weeks after the Preakness at Belmont Park on Long Island, form the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing for three-year-olds.
They are all held early in the year, throughout May and the beginning of June. In recent years the Breeders' Cup races, run at the end of the year, have challenged the Triple Crown events as determiners of the three-year-old champion.
The Breeders' Cup is normally held at a different track every year; however, the and editions were both held at Churchill Downs, and , and races were held at Santa Anita Park.
Keeneland , in Lexington, Kentucky, hosted the Breeders' Cup. The corresponding Standardbred event is the Breeders Crown.
There is also a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers and a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters. For Arabians, there is the Arabian Triple Crown, consisting of Drinkers of the Wind Derby in California, the Texas Six Shooter Stakes, and the Bob Magness Derby in Delaware.
American betting on horse racing is sanctioned and regulated by the state where the race is located. A takeout, or "take", is removed from each betting pool and distributed according to state law, among the state, race track and horsemen.
A variety of factors affect takeout, namely location and the type of wager that is placed. Advanced Deposit Wagering is a form of gambling on the outcome of horse races in which the bettor must fund his or her account before being allowed to place bets.
ADW is often conducted online or by phone. In contrast to ADW, credit shops allow wagers without advance funding; accounts are settled at month-end.
Racetrack owners, horse trainers and state governments sometimes receive a cut of ADW revenues. The most famous horse from Canada is generally considered to be Northern Dancer , who after winning the Kentucky Derby , Preakness and Queen's Plate in went on to become the most successful Thoroughbred sire of the twentieth century; his two-minute-flat Derby was the fastest on record until Secretariat in The only challenger to his title of greatest Canadian horse would be his son Nijinsky II , who is the last horse to win the English Triple Crown.
Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto is home of the Queen's Plate , Canada's premier Thoroughbred stakes race, and the North America Cup , Canada's premier Standardbred stakes race.
It is the only race track in North America which stages Thoroughbred and Standardbred harness meetings on the same day.
Other key races include Woodbine Oaks , Prince of Wales Stakes , Breeders' Stakes and Canadian Derby Horse racing in Belgium takes place at three venues — Hippodrome Wellington in Ostend opened in in honour of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington , Hippodroom Waregem in Waregem in Flanders and Hippodrome de Wallonie in Mons , Wallonia.
There are 15 racecourses in the Czech Republic, most notably Pardubice Racecourse, where the country's most famous race, the Velka Pardubicka steeplechase , has been run since The Czech horse racing season usually starts at the beginning of April and ends sometime in November.
Racing takes place mostly at weekends and there is usually one meeting on a Saturday and one on Sunday. France has a major horse racing industry.
Other major races include the Grand Prix de Paris , the Prix du Jockey Club the French Derby and the Prix de Diane. Besides Longchamp, France's other premier flat racecourses include Chantilly and Deauville.
There is also a smaller but nevertheless important jumps racing sector, with Auteil Racecourse being the best known. The sport's governing body is France Galop.
Horse racing in Great Britain is predominantly thoroughbred flat and jumps racing. It was in Great Britain in the 17th to 19th centuries that many of the sport's rules and regulations were established.
Named after Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby , The Derby was first run in The name " Derby " has since become synonymous with great races all over the world, and as such has been borrowed many times in races abroad.
The Grand National is the most prominent race in British culture , watched by many people who do not normally watch or bet on horse racing at other times of the year.
The sport is regulated by the British Horseracing Authority. The BHA's authority does not extend to Northern Ireland; racing in Ireland is governed on an All-Ireland basis.
Despite having an ancient tradition with well-documented history, all racetracks in Greece have ceased operation due to the Greek government-debt crisis.
Hungary has a long-standing horse racing tradition. The first horse racing in Pest was noted June 6, Foremost of these is Kincsem , foaled in and the most successful Thoroughbred racehorse ever, having won 54 races in 54 starts.
The country also produced Overdose , a horse who won his first 12 races, including group races in Germany and Italy, and finished fourth in the King's Stand Stakes at Royal Ascot.
Ireland has a rich history of horse racing; point to pointing originated there, and even today, jump racing is more popular than racing on the flat.
Therefore most horses taking part in jump races tend to be more developed in size. Jump racing is separated into 5 divisions;.
Specifically for horses bred for jump racing. For this type of race, there are no obstacles for the horses to jump. The national hunt is viewed as the pillar to begin a horses career, with an eventual lead up to clearing fences and hurdles.
For this type of contest, horses that compete in novice hurdling have not previously won a competition before they enter. Likened to novice hurdling horses for this type of contest have not previously won a hurdle race.
Referred to as racing hurdles, the horses are required to run over the fences as opposed to jumping. For the national hunt races, jump races use a grading system equal to the flat races.
However, in flat racing, they are called group races as mentioned earlier on in this post. Jump races are instead defined by horse racing grades.
For example, Group 1 races in flat races are the same as grade 1 races in jump racing. The grade 1 races likened to the group 1 races are the highlights on the racing calendar programme that most bettors flock to participate in.
Prestigious jump racing events include the Grand National, the Cheltenham Gold Cup, the Hennessy Gold Cup and King George V1.
Endurance racing tests the stamina of the horse instead. The Mongol Derby is said to be the toughest contest for testing endurance and extends to km.
In harness racing, horses carry and pull a jockey on a sulky and are expected to trot the distance at a set speed. Speed is not a driving factor for this race, as horses found to be galloping are penalised.
The conditions and span of the race vary, as do the eligibility requirements. Horses are referred to as maiden up until they win a race. These races are not overly popular, namely because the competition can be challenging to gauge as there is little information about the horses racing.
Before the claiming race, people can make an offer on and buy the horses they think will perform well. And so now you can decide which different types of horse racing pique your interest in anticipation of the next racing season.
Betting is about enjoying the sport, as much as it is about winning and so, for examples of different forms of horse racing in action, from flat racing, to jump racing take a look at a few YouTube videos to help you decide what equestrian competitions you prefer.
For instance, horses featured in extensively mediated events, such as the British Classic races, shall provide you with more details on the racing events, venues, dates and horses for you to bet your money on opposed to other types that are not as favoured.