SEE THE MAYAN GODS | Hampton, Cecil | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Gods of Jade and Shadow. Yukateeks Maya. Naar de inhoud springen. Startpagina Algemeen Geschiedenis Mooiste huis van nederland, economische en. Mayan Gods | Schellhas, Paul | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.
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Mayan Gods The Future Lies In The Past VideoJohn Hunter And The Mayan Gods Slot Review \u0026 Bonus Feature (Pragmatic) Mayan Gods. The Mayan people had an extensive pantheon of deities since they had a polytheistic belief system. The religion was based on a number of creation mythologies which described how humans came into being, how the world and the cosmos was created and what were the main tasks of different gods. 7/27/ · However, scholars have deciphered enough of the Mayan codices and hieroglyphics to cite the major Mayan gods. These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means. Itzamna. Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. The Mayan vision of the celestial vault was that it was supported by 4 gods called Bacabés. These 4 gods were related to the four cardinal points were next to them was a Sacred Ceiba, a tree that had given sustenance to the first men. Dual characteristics of the Mayan gods. Huracán, another significant Maya god, is often referred to as the Heart of Heaven, Heart of Sky, or Heart of Earth. While there is not much direct evidence about Huracán being the supreme creator god, the Popol Vuh does imply in one of its prayers that Huracán is a “giver of life.”. There were a lot of Mayan gods and goddesses in the pantheon, although some gods were the most powerful. For instance, one of the most powerful Mayan gods was Chac who was the god of rain, thunder, fertility, and agriculture. The Mayan sun god, also one of the most powerful Mayan gods, was called Kinich Ahau or Ahaw Kin. Itzamná is also known as Zamna, is mainly the Mayan god of wisdom. He is considered the creator of science and knowledge. Also known as the Sun God, Lord of Heaven, day and night. Zamna is one of the most worshiped gods in the Mayan pantheon as he speaks of the path, work, and sacrifice of the true man. Kinich Ahau (or Ahaw K’in, also known as God G) was the name for the Sun God of the Yucatec Mayans (the Maya people of the Yucatan), and as such, the prefix element kʼinich may have meant ‘sun-eyed’, possibly referring to a royal lineage during the Classic Period (circa – AD). This is a list of deities playing a role in the Classic (– CE), Post-Classic (– CE) and Contact Period (–) of Maya delawaresynchronizedskating.com names are mainly taken from the Books of Chilam Balam, Lacandon ethnography, the Madrid Codex, the work of Diego de Landa, and the Popol Vuh. God C: The personification of sacredness. A Casino.Com Uk of four Chorti rain gods who live in lakes and Goodgame Empire Com rain clouds from the water in them. He was always malevolent. Interestingly enough, in Wer Wird MillionГ¤r Fragen Heute of conventional zoology, all of the three known species of vampire bats are actually native to the New World. Art by keywii DeviantArt. Mayan Gods of mythological figures. Ix Chel is the goddess Odobo medicine and midwifery, also known as the goddess of making children. Read our cookies policy. Snakes were a very popular symbol related to religion and mythology in the Mayan culture. According to colonial records, there was a hierarchy of the gods, with Itzamna at the top.
The religion survived the collapse of the Mayans during the Post-Classic Period and also influenced other civilisations of Mesoamerica. There were a lot of Mayan gods and goddesses in the pantheon, although some gods were the most powerful.
For instance, one of the most powerful Mayan gods was Chac who was the god of rain, thunder, fertility, and agriculture. Further, there was the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob who was equally important considering that maize was the staple grain of the Mayans.
Various kinds of sacrifice, including human sacrifice, were offered for all these gods. Priests had very important function in Mayan religion since they were considered intermediaries between Mayan gods and goddesses and the common people.
Religious festivals and rituals were performed by the priests who were often dressed as gods. The ritual of human sacrifice was also performed by Mayan priests.
Thus the central role of priests in Mayan religion raised their status which was more or less equal to that of the nobility.
Itzamn was always benevolent. Although second in power, Chac was first in importance as the god of rain, and by association, the weather and fertility.
Ah Mun was the corn god and the god of agriculture. He was always represented as a youth, often with a corn ear headdress.
The god of death, ruled over the ninth and lowest of the Maya underworlds. Ah Puch is the Maya god of the dead, most often associated with death, corporal decomposition, and the welfare of the newly dead.
In both versions, Ah Puch is the epitome of decay, appearing in a skeletal form and frequently in execution scenes. Representations of Ah Puch often include large black spots on his body, probably representations of putrefaction, and a large, grossly bloated belly, a belly sometimes replaced with rotting matter or spilling blood.
Classic period images sometimes include a hairlike ruff "death ruff" with globular elements extending outward, which have been identified as bells, rattles, or extruded eyeballs.
He often has a human bone in his hair. His images are often comical, with specific references to his anus and flatulence.
Akan, known as God A' pronounced "God A Prime" to scholars, is another god of death, but more specifically, the god of wine and drinking, disease and death.
The face of Akan is characterized by a division sign or percent sign on his cheek and a blackened region around his eye. There is often a sign for darkness or night Ak'b'al or Akbal above or around his eye, and there is often a human femur in his hair.
Scholars say he is the deity of suicide, often illustrated as cutting off his own head. He is the one-legged creator god and idol and the Maya lightning god.
Illustrations of Huracan show him with a long, serpentine nose with belly scutes—horny plates like those seen on a turtle shell extending out from his abdomen—and a single, often burning serpent-like leg and foot.
Sometimes he carries an ax, a burning torch, or a cigar, and he often has a circular mirror embedded in his forehead.
In the Popol Vuh, Huracan is described as three gods, beings who together initiated the moment of creation:. Huracan is considered the god of fertile maize, but he is also associated with lightning and rain.
Rather the deity, as the name suggests, was probably venerated as the guardian of the forest and protector of wildlife — both flora and fauna.
Often depicted with an elaborate corn headdress and corn-cob pots in his hand, Yum Kaax was possibly worshiped by both farmers and hunters.
The former connection alludes to how the Mayan god was also revered as a deity of agriculture — so much so that many offered their first fruits to the deity of the forest.
As for the latter, the hunters had to offer special prayers and rituals that asked for the permission and the guidance of Yum Kaax pertaining to the species of the hunt especially when hunting deer.
Simply put, Huracan like the Hindu god Shiva was regarded as the antithetical being whose essence and behavior ironically leads to the survival of life.
One example would pertain to a mythical narrative that surmises how it was Huracan who sent a Great Flood to wipe out an entire generation of humans and invoke the Earth for renewal of life.
Given his immense power and chaotic origins, Huracan was often associated with lightning, wind, and storms — with the former often perceived as a manifestation of both fire and fertility.
Interestingly enough, in some tales, Huracan is the one who split opens the mountains by his lightning to reveal the hidden maize seed, thereby leading to the agricultural prowess of the Maya people.
To that end, the very connection of the act of suicide and a Mayan deity was probably first made by 16th-century Spanish bishop Diego de Landa.
He went on to hint at how in Mayan circles, suicide committed due to depression, sickness or pain was seen in a relatively positive light, and as such, the deceased person was allowed to the gloria heaven , often accompanied by Ix Tab, the goddess of the gallows.
As for another hypothesis, Ix Tab might have been the female version of Ah Tab or Ah Tabay — a minor Mayan god of hunting associated with snaring or deceiving.
Often associated with alcoholic brews, Acan or Akan was regarded as one of the Mayan gods who reveled in the boisterous celebrations and drinking.
Later Mayans associated the Bacab with urban architecture and honored him through different rituals. Camazotz was a Mayan god who was associated with bats.
He figures prominently in the Mayan saga of Hero Twins where he is one of the bats of the underworld. According to the mythological saga, the lords of the underworld send the Twins to the House of Bats.
The Twins shrink themselves and hide in their own blowguns. When one of them looks out, Camazotz cuts his head and takes it to the underworld lords.
Mayan god Chin was associated with homosexual relationships. According to the Spanish monks who accompanied the conquistadors, it was customary among the Mayans to allow sexual relationships between young men and young boys.
Such relationships were encouraged by the fathers who saw this as a fulfillment of a tradition set by the deity, Chin. Title attested for Itzamna, Uaxac Yol, and Amaite Ku; family name; probably not meaning "food", but "powerful".
A title of respect meaning "Grandfather" and applied to a number of different Maya deities including earth spirits, mountain spirits, and the four Bacabs.
The god of war. A Powerful god, claimed to be stronger than all the other gods of war in every other religion.
A creator-destroyer deity, the brother of the death god Kisin or possibly another earthquake god also known as Kisin.
He is the sworn enemy of the world serpent Hapikern and it is said that, in the end of days, he will destroy Hapikern by wrapping him around himself to smother him.
In some versions, this will destroy life on Earth. He is related, in some stories, to Usukan, Uyitzin, Yantho and Hapikern, all of whom wish ill to human beings.
Brother of Xamaniqinqu, the patron god of travelers and merchants.